Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Cancer Statistics

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Cancer Statistics

Australia’s record of cancer survival is one of the best in the world, yet Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people continue to experience disparities in cancer outcomes. (Cancer Australia, 2015. National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Cancer Framework, Cancer Australia, Surry Hills, NSW.)

Cancer is the second most common cause of death for Indigenous Australians (20%), after cardiovascular disease. (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2015. The health and welfare of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples 2015. Cat. no. IHW 147. Canberra: AIHW.)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people:

Finding Reference
·         have a different pattern of cancer incidence, with some cancers occurring more commonly than amongst non-Indigenous Australians (lung, liver, cervical cancers), while other cancers occur at lower incidence rates (prostate, bowel, breast cancer among women) Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2014. Cancer in Australia: an overview 2014. Cancer series, No 90. Cat. no. CAN 88. Canberra: AIHW.
·         have high incidence of cancers that are preventable but are also more likely to be fatal (lung cancer, liver cancer) Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2014. Cancer in Australia: an overview 2014. Cancer series, No 90. Cat. no. CAN 88. Canberra: AIHW.
·         have higher levels of modifiable risk factors relevant to cancer including smoking, risky alcohol consumption, poor diet, low levels of physical activity and high levels of infection such as Hepatitis B Australian Institute of Health and Welfare & Cancer Australia. 2013. Cancer in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia: an overview. Cancer series no.78. Cat. no. CAN 75. Canberra: AIHW
·         are less likely to participate in cancer screening programs Australian Institute of Health and Welfare & Cancer Australia. 2013. Cancer in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia: an overview. Cancer series no.78. Cat. no. CAN 75. Canberra: AIHW
·         are more likely than other Australians to be diagnosed when cancer is at an advanced stage of development Diaz A, Whop L, Valery P, et al. 2014. Cancer outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in rural and remote areas. Australian Journal of Rural Health. 23 (1):4-18.
·         are less likely to receive adequate treatment or be hospitalised for cancer Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2015. The health and welfare of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples 2015. Cat. no. IHW 147. Canberra: AIHW.
·         have higher levels of modifiable risk factors relevant to cancer including smoking, risky alcohol consumption, poor diet, low levels of physical activity and high levels of infection such as Hepatitis B Australian Institute of Health and Welfare & Cancer Australia. 2013. Cancer in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia: an overview. Cancer series no.78. Cat. no. CAN 75. Canberra: AIHW
·         have a slightly lower rate of cancer diagnosis but a 30% higher mortality rate than non-Indigenous Australians (221 and 172 per 100,000 respectively, age standardised mortality) Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2014. Cancer in Australia: an overview 2014. Cancer series, No 90. Cat. no. CAN 88. Canberra: AIHW.
·         have had a significant increase in the mortality rate due to cancer (16% between 1998 and 2012) while the cancer mortality rate for non-Indigenous people has fallen significantly (10% over the same period). Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2015. The health and welfare of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples 2015. Cat. no. IHW 147. Canberra: AIHW.
·         have high incidence of cancers that are preventable but are also more likely to be fatal (lung cancer, liver cancer)

 

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2014. Cancer in Australia: an overview 2014. Cancer series, No 90. Cat. no. CAN 88. Canberra: AIHW.
·         are much less likely to survive five years after a diagnosis of cancer than non-Indigenous Australians. This difference is greatest within the first year following diagnosis. On average, 74% of non-Indigenous Australians will survive for one year beyond a cancer diagnosis, but only 61% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people will survive for the same length of time

 

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare & Cancer Australia. 2013. Cancer in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia: an overview. Cancer series no.78. Cat. no. CAN 75. Canberra: AIHW
·         face significant burden of disease, with cancer being the second leading cause of fatal burden of disease for Indigenous Australians.

 

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2015. Australian Burden of Disease Study: fatal burden of disease in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2010. Australian Burden of Disease Study series no. 2. Cat. no. BOD 2. Canberra: AIHW.
·         Smoking rates amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, although improving, remain higher than in the broader Australian population, and smoking remains a major cause of cancer Australian Institute of Health and Welfare & Cancer Australia. 2013. Cancer in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia: an overview. Cancer series no.78. Cat. no. CAN 75. Canberra: AIHW
·         Lung cancer remains the major cause of death from cancer for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and, along with other smoking related cancers, makes up a large proportion of the cancer burden. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare & Cancer Australia. 2013. Cancer in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia: an overview. Cancer series no.78. Cat. no. CAN 75. Canberra: AIHW
·         Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people also have high levels of a number of other risk factors for cancer, including obesity, lack of exercise, risky levels of alcohol consumption and hepatitis infections. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare & Cancer Australia. 2013. Cancer in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia: an overview. Cancer series no.78. Cat. no. CAN 75. Canberra: AIHW
·         The most common cancers among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people after lung cancer are breast cancer (among women), bowel cancer and prostate cancer. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2014. Cancer in Australia: an overview 2014. Cancer series, No 90. Cat. no. CAN 88. Canberra: AIHW.

 

 

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About proudblacksista

An Aboriginal woman. mother of 4 diagnosed with an inoperable brain tumour 7 years ago.I want to share my story to help others. I am working to help other Aboriginal people face the battles of Cancer. Email me with your stories or concerns at aboriginalcancer.com View all posts by proudblacksista

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